Credit Rating


Credit Rating is an assessment of the borrower (be it an individualgroup or employer) that determines whether or not the borrower may be able to pay the mortgage back on time, as in keeping with the mortgage agreement. A good credit score rating depicts a good records of paying loans on time in the past. This credit score score affects the financial institution’s selection of approving your mortgage software at a considerate fee of interest. A credit score score can be assigned to any entity that seeks to borrow money — an person, corporation, nation or provincial authority, or sovereign government. Credit Rating is usually expressed in alphabetical symbols. Although, it is a new idea in Indian monetary market but slowly its recognition has increased. It facilitates investors to apprehend the hazard worried in lending the money and offers a fair assessment of the borrower’s credit potential

How Credit Rating Works

          Credit rating determines the likelihood that the borrower will be able and willing to pay back a loan within the limits of the loan agreement, without defaulting. A high credit rating indicates a high possibility of paying back the loan in its entirety without any issues. The poor credit rating suggests  hat the borrower has had trouble paying back loans in the past, and might follow the same pattern in the future. The credit rating affects the entity’s chances of being approved for a given loan or receiving favorable terms for said loan.

Credit Rating is basically a credit worthiness of a business or a company. However, it is not really used to individuals. It gives an understanding the ability of the company.

Whereas credit score is a number, calculated by credit bureau and given to individuals based on the credit information report. This number can be in between 300 and 900. Credit report plays an important role in loan and credit card approval process.

Importance of Credit Rating

 A credit rating no longer simplest determines whether or not a borrower may be permitted for a loan however also determines the interest rate at which the mortgage will need to be repaid. Since agencies depend on loans for many start-up and different expenses, being denied a loan ought to spell
disaster, and a excessive interest price is a good deal more difficult to pay back. Credit rankings also play a massive function in a ability investor’s determining whether or not or no longer to purchase bonds. A poor credit rating is a unstable investment; it shows a larger opportunity that the enterprise could
be unable to make its bond payments. 

  • For The Money Lenders Better Investment Decision:

 No financial institution or money lender organizations would really like to provide cash to a volatile customer. With credit score, they get an concept about the credit worthiness of an man or woman or employer (who is borrowing the money) and the danger aspect connected with them. By comparing this, they are able to make a better funding choice. Safety Assured: High credit score method an assurance about the protection of the money and that it will likely be paid returned with hobby on time.

  • For Borrowers Easy Loan Approval:

With high credit score ratingyou’ll be visible as low/no risk customer. Therefore, banks will approve your loan software easily.

  • Considerate Rate of Interest:

You need to be privy to the reality every financial institution offers mortgage at a specific variety of interest rates. One of the major factors that decide the fee of hobby on the loan you are taking is your credit history. Higher the credit score ratinglower will the rate of hobby.


Factors Affecting Credit Ratings and Credit Scores

    There are a few factors credit score groups think about while assigning a credit score rating to an organization. First, the business enterprise considers the entity’s past records of borrowing and paying off debts. Any missed bills or defaults on loans negatively impact the score. The employer additionally appears at the  entity’s future economic potential. If the financial future appears bright, the credit score rating tends to be higher; if the borrower does now not have a positive economic outlook, the credit score will fall. 

Steps Involved in Credit Rating:  

Steps Involved in Credit Rating:

Step 1: Request from issuer and analysis

Step 2: Rating Committee

Step 3: Communication to management and appeal

Step 4: Pronouncement of Rating

Step 5: Monitoring of the Assigned Rating

Step 6: Rating Watch

Step 7: Rating Coverage

Step 8: Rating Score

Credit Rating Agencies in India

Credit rating corporation is an organization that evaluates the credit score worthiness of an individual,
enterprise or organisation who needs to borrow cash or observe for a credit card inside the financial institution. Let’s have a look at the credit score
businesses in India.


Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited is the first credit score organisation of the usa which was hooked up in 1987. It calculates the credit score worthiness of companies based on their strengths, market share, market reputation and board. It additionally rates groups, banks and organizations, assisting investors make a better decision earlier than making an investment in groups’ bonds. It offers 8 kinds of credit score rating which might be as follows: 


  • AAA, AA, A – Good Credit Rating
  • BBB, BB – Average Credit Rating
  • B, C, D – Low Credit Rating


Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India changed into fashioned in 1991 and is founded in Mumbai.
It gives comprehensive scores to corporates via a transparent score device. Its rating gadget consists of symbols which vary with the economic instruments.
Here are the types of credit scores offered via ICRA:

  • Bank Loan
  •  Credit Rating Corporate
  • Debt Rating Corporate
  • Governance Rating
  • Financial Sector Rating
  •  Issuer Rating
  •  Infrastructure Sector Rating
  • Insurance Sector Rating
  • Mutual Fund Rating
  • Public Finance Rating
  •  Project Finance Rating
  • Structured Finance Rating
  •  SME Rating

Credit Score influences your Loan
& Credit Card Eligibility


Credit Analysis and Research Limited (CARE) gives a range of credit score offerings in areas like debt, bank
loan, company governance, recovery, monetary zone and more. Its score scale includes  categories – long time debt
instruments and short term debt scores. 



 Onida Individual Credit Rating Agency of India installed in 1993 which gives credit evaluation and credit scoring offerings to
both people and corporations. Along with this, it additionally offers danger assessment reports to individuals, small and medium corporations and company. Its rankings are based totally on  factors  Financial Strength and Performance Capability.  


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